Many doctors and dentists hearing a common complaint from their patients are that their roof of mouth causes pain. Undoubtedly, the soft and delicate skin on the roof of one's mouth bears a lot of daily wear and tear. Therefore, sometimes, your mouth's roof, or the hard palate, may trouble you or cause painful issues, such as inflammation and swelling. If you are one of those patients suffering from the pain, this blog will inform you about the common causes of the pain, the respective treatment methodologies, and even preventative measures that you can adopt at home. According to statistics, an average of 75% of the human population suffers from mouth sores.
Not only you can experience swelling in the mouth, but you may also come across other severe symptoms such as pain, dry mouth, sores, and blisters.
In severe cases, pain also occurs at the roof of the mouth alongside swelling. Although the reason behind this problem is usually not too intense, in a few cases some of the conditions behind this pain are quite serious. These include liver diseases, hepatitis, and oral cancer.
Dry mouth is a condition that is indicative of several problems. Usually, dry mouth is a common symptom of trauma or an obstruction in the saliva glands. Being heavy on liquor can also result in dehydration that causes mouth dryness and swelling in the roof of the mouth.
Cold sores lead to small nodules or bumps being formed in the mouth, commonly on the sides of your tongue. As these increase in size, these spots can become irritating and painful.
When the levels of electrolytes in your body decrease drastically, then you may suffer muscle spasms, cramps, and painful contractions. Therefore, it is extremely crucial to maintaining sufficient levels of minerals that would keep dehydration at bay.
You may experience swelling at the roof of your mouth due to various infections that may include:
The herpes simplex virus commonly known as the herpes virus leads to the occurrence of sores in the mouth. Also, the varicella zoster and the chickenpox virus can cause recurring mouth sores at the sides. These are painful when raw as well as when the treatment is going on.
Infections caused by bacteria due to bad hygiene and poor decay also lead to mouth sores and swelling. On a more critical note, people infected with AIDS also come across a painful sensation at the roof of their mouths due to excessive production of the candida yeast. It shall be noted that mouth sores caused by these or syphilis could be contagious.
The insides of your mouth including the roof can experience swelling due to physical injury. This could cause by cheek bites from or any other orthodontic problems. Acidic and spicy foods can also cause the roof of the mouth to hurt while other cleaning dental care chemicals could also trigger the mouth soreness.
Excessive use of tobacco can lead to severe pain in the mouth. Due to the toxic waste present in tobacco, it can cause severe irritation in the mouth. Not only does tobacco use leads to swelling in the roof of the mouth but it also causes dryness in the mouth and weakens the body's immunity.
Mouth sores can also occur as a side effect of severe medications or medical treatments. These include chemotherapy and radiotherapy.
Having anti-bacterial properties, salt helps in easing out the pain caused from mouth sores. More so, it also aids in the sterilization of the mouth keeping germs and bacteria at bay. Therefore, mix salt and water, swish it in your mouth and spit it out. Do it for a minute daily for a week and see the amazing results for yourself.
Be it open wounds or inflammation in the mouth; Aloe Vera is good for all. Not only this, but it also provides you with a soothing sensation so cut open a leaf, take the aloe Vera gel on your fingertip and spread it across the infected area. Repeat this twice daily for fast and effective results.
Hold an ice cube on the affected area and watch the cold sensation lock up the blood flow in that area and give you a cooling sensation.
Having anti-bacterial as well as anti-inflammatory properties, the tea tree oil is your ultimate rescue for mouth sores. Mix one quarts of this magical oil with three quarts of water, swish the mixture in your mouth for thirty seconds and spit.
Mixing equal parts of coconut milk with honey and rubbing it to the affected area provides comfort from mouth sores.
Although the aforementioned home remedies are tried and tested but given that they do not work out and the symptoms of mouths sores, it is highly advisable that you stop your self-medication and immediately visit a general physician.
For instance, if you are experiencing:
-Pain while drinking fluids
-Have sores on the roof of your mouth that change color
-Are already a patient of cancer or HIV
-Have white patches on your tongue or upper palate
-Notice rash, high body temperature or difficulty in swallowing, then you should wait no more and rush to seek medical aid.
Depending on the severity of your symptoms, you doctor will deal with you. For instance, if your symptoms persist for more than a week, then your doctor may extract some cell scrapings from the roof of your mouth and let it go for a biopsy. Also, examining the cells under a microscope may also give your doctor an idea that what exactly is wrong.
Although mouth soreness is not an issue that should send goose bumps down your spine as it usually goes by itself in a week or two, however, if the sores are hard in texture and large, then a doctor may come in handy.
Typically, a doctor may prescribe a corticosteroid ointment along with an antimicrobial mouth rinse. At other times, dentists may only prescribe an in-clinic made solution that should send the pain, swelling and any irritation away. Some other forms of treatments are listed below:
In the case of a physical injury or if you burn the roof of your mouth accidentally, then you should immediately rinse it with cold water. Oral gels or soothing gels can also come in handy here.
If the sores at the roof of the mouth are due to an electrolyte imbalance, then you may need to drink plenty of fluids and soothing liquids. In severe cases, you may also be headed to the Emergency Department of the hospital for urgent care.
Normally, both canker sores as well as cold sores go by their own in a matter of ten days or so. Given that they do not, antibiotic may be prescribed to you along with some pain relieving gels.
If cancer is behind your symptoms, then your doctor may refer you to an oncologist. Thereby, a variety of options would be discussed for you including radiations, chemotherapies or surgeries. Speaking in depth, mouth cancer is an extremely severe condition that develops and grows on your palate. Furthermore, it may also cause your entire mouth to swell and pain. Mouth cancer could well be the reason behind the sores at the roof of the mouth. It is divided into two groups namely, lymphoma and melanoma. Both of these occur at your tonsils region and the base of your tongue, and both can lead to severe pain at the roof of your mouth.
-Stay away from spices and foods that cause acidity
-Practice good oral hygiene. Brushing your teeth twice regularly pays huge rewards when it comes to preventing sores at the roof of your mouth.
-Keep miles apart from tobacco due to the high content of toxic matter present in it that can exacerbate mouth sores.
-Do away from smoking, When you smoke a cigar, millions of irritants enter your throat and damage the sensitive tissue there. Upon several surveys conducted, many smokers reported that the roof of their mouths hurt more immediately after smoking.
-Take account of your stress levels and ensure that they are in control. High levels of stress may lead to canker sores. Eat healthily and stay happy. More so, exercise and meditate to keep yourself relaxed.
Keep your Vitamin B levels in check and take supplements if you have low levels of Vitamin B as people with a deficiency of this vitamin have reported suffering from mouth sores.