Earlier in January 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared that the Coronavirus emerging from China is a global health emergency. For the first time, the cases of this infection were reported in Wuhan, China, earlier in December 2019. Since that time, several cases have been reported in other parts of the world. All those cases related to this infection are related to those individuals who have travelled to China. At present, the WHO and Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) are monitoring the global epidemic.
Coronavirus is from a family of viruses that causes an illness that ranges from the common cold to severe diseases such as SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome) and MERS (Middle East respiratory syndrome). The diseases are transmitted between people and animals. The new disease has been termed as 2019-nCoV acute respiratory disease (novel coronavirus), which has not been detected in human beings earlier.
At present, the new rampantly spreading form of coronavirus is spreading from person to person. The disease can be spread by respiratory droplets when someone sneezes or coughs. At this point, it is unclear how the disease is spreading and how contagious it actually is. Research is presently ongoing and considering how unknown the disease is, it may take some time.
The symptoms of coronavirus can be mild from severe from person to person. Some of the common symptoms faced by patients include difficulty in breathing, respiratory symptom, cough, and fever. In those cases, where the disease has become severe, patients have suffered from kidney failure, pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome, and even death. There is no vaccine available to cure the disease.
Symptoms of Coronavirus include:
Unlike the rhinovirus which is another cause of the common cold, the human coronavirus cannot be cultivated in the laboratory. Thereby, it is now difficult to gauge the impact of coronavirus on public health and economies.
Considering that there is no cure of the Coronavirus, the treatment includes taking over the counter medicines and taking care of yourself. Below are some of the precautionary measures you can take:
To detect the virus, the doctor will simply take a sample of your respiratory fluid such mucus from your nose or blood.
There are different types of coronavirus that vary in terms of severity. The extent to which the impact the human life and how far it can spread is subjective. At present, there are seven recognized types of coronavirus that has infected the human race
The rare and severe form of coronavirus includes MERS-CoV, which can cause severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS-CoV), and Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS). This is the virus responsible for SARS.
In 2019, a more contagious form of coronavirus has started to circulate, but it does not have any name yet. The health bodies are presently referring it to as 2019 Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCov).
At this point, there has not been substantial research on how human coronavirus is transmitted from one body to another. However, it is believed that the virus is transmitted using secreted fluids from the respiratory system. Coronaviruses can be spread in the following ways:
People residing within the United States are more likely to contract the disease during fall or winter. However, the disease is still active all year round. Young individuals are more likely to contract the virus and people are likely to contract more than one infection throughout their lifetime. It is estimated that most people will become infected once in the lifetime with coronavirus.
The coronavirus has mutating ability which thereby makes it extremely contagious.
In order to prevent transmission, it is advised to stay at home and rest if you experience any symptoms. Make sure to avoid human contact. Cover your nose and mouth with a handkerchief or tissue while coughing or sneezing to prevent the virus from spreading. Also ensure that you dispose the tissue and maintain hygiene at all instances.
To prevent transmission, be sure to stay at home and rest while experiencing symptoms and avoid close contact with other people. Covering the mouth and nose with a tissue or handkerchief while coughing or sneezing can also help prevent the spread of a coronavirus. Be sure to dispose of any used tissues and maintain hygiene around the home.
The CDC and WHO recommends you to take regular precautions to help prevent the spread of respiratory disease:
The WHO also recommends the steps:
Considering the current epidemic, it is advised to take adequate precautionary measures. So far, medical experts are not able to come up with a vaccine or treatment to combat the disease. Thereby, the only way to avoid catching the disease is by staying indoors and keeping your mouth covered outdoors.